Blood sugar over 500 what to do?
When blood sugar levels get too high or low, your health can be negatively affected. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels are dangerous and can end up being fatal.
To ensure good health, you should check your blood sugar levels regularly. You should also look for any symptoms such as being too tired, hungry, or sleepy.
Most individuals who have diabetes will find themselves in a high blood sugar situation at one point or another.
The best thing you can do is take glucose support pills, steps to bring down blood sugar levels as quickly as possible.
What can happen if blood sugar levels are too high?
High blood sugar levels are referred to as, hyperglycemia or high blood glucose. Low insulin levels can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
This condition is a medical emergency. This condition is faced typically by those with type 1 diabetes.
What are the symptoms of DKA?
- Shortness of breath
- A fruity-smelling breath
- Dry mouth
If you notice any of these symptoms, it is best to call your medical adviser and follow their instructions.
Steps you can take if you use insulin
Check your ketones: Insulin-dependent diabetes can put you at risk for developing ketones. If your blood sugar levels are above 250 mg/dL, you may be at risk of diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA.
The test for ketones should be administered immediately in this case. If the measure of the ketones ranges from moderate to large, you should immediately contact your healthcare expert or visit the ER.
To stabilize high blood sugar during the presence of large ketones intravenous fluids are required.
Insulin injections or pumps will end up being ineffective in this condition. Even with the fluids, it will take a few hours to regain stability.
In the case of moderate ketones, the situation may be manageable through the use of insulin, at home.
Although you may require a larger insulin dose than usual. In case you are uncertain about the right way of treating yourself, consult your healthcare professional.
Take a correction insulin dose: For those who use fast or rapid-acting insulin, using a correction dose to stabilize insulin levels may be possible.
To understand what your “correction factor” is, you will need professional assistance.
A single dose will lower your blood sugar levels to what extent, will be revealed through this number.
You should take into account before using rapid active insulin, how much insulin is already present in your system. Rapid active insulin stays in your body for 3 to 4 hours.
And taking another dose of insulin may lead to extremely low blood sugar. Also, give the correction dose an hour or two to work instead of getting worked up and taking an additional dose too soon.
Consider an intramuscular injection: Insulin is typically injected into body fat but during rare times when your blood sugar is too high, you can inject the correction dose directly into muscle.
This helps in quicker absorption of insulin. This is however not how insulin must be injected regularly as it can be painful end dangerous.
Before considering this option, make sure you discuss this with your healthcare professional.
Consider inhaled insulin as an option: If you are looking for a rapid-acting option, inhaled insulin might be a good option. It is as effective as normal insulin but it works at a faster pace.
It can be used in addition to your regular dose. Taking foods that lower blood sugar levels is quite an easy-to-do option.
Other Methods To Try:
In case you do not use insulin, you can try other simpler options to normalize blood sugar
For individuals who do use insulin, exercising during extremely high levels of blood sugar can be dangerous.
Exercising in such cases can cause of further rise in blood sugar and can put you at risk of developing DKA symptoms.
If you want to exercise your correction dose will have to be reduced. You will require help from your healthcare expert.
- Drink water:
Dehydration can be a leading cause of high blood sugar levels. Your blood contains some amount of water and dehydration causes over-concentration of glucose in your blood.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Drink plenty of water. Excess sugar will be flushed out of your system in this way.
- Oral medications:
You may need to wait until your next dose. In case of missed doses, you should consult your medical adviser to know exactly what is to be done.
When to visit a doctor or go to an ER?
If you have type 1 diabetes, and you have large ketones, blood sugar levels crossing 250 mg/dL, and DKA symptoms.
If you are facing two or more of these conditions, you must rush to the ER.
Be cautious while treating high blood sugar
If you flood your body with too much insulin, you can end up with low blood sugar. This may lead to a rise in cravings and the possibility of binge eating.
And once you binge eat, your blood sugar will rise once again. This upheaval can prove to be dangerous.
If you constantly face such upheavals, you should evaluate your approach to taking insulin.
Contacting your healthcare adviser will help you follow a better-adjusted treatment regimen.
Tips to avoid blood sugar surges
- Be sure to regularly check your blood sugar levels, as recommended by your doctor.
- Make sure you do not miss taking your medications.
- Have a plan ready for emergencies, when your blood sugar is too high.
- Take extra care and monitor your blood sugar more frequently when you are sick.
- Exercise every day for 15 to 20 minutes at least.
- Always stay hydrated.
- Starchy carbohydrates can cause a spike in blood sugar levels and these carbs are to be avoided.
- Avoid consuming sugary beverages such as tea, soda, and juice.
Even if your blood sugar level is too high, make sure you stay calm. Many people can overcome high sugar levels by managing their diet and stress.
Lifestyle changes matter the most. Also, make sure you take your medicines and sugar-balance supplements on time.
If managing it alone is stressful, reach out to someone for assistance and stay in touch with your healthcare professional.